Objects and Properties
Your web page document is an object. Any table, form, button, image, or link on your page is also an object. Each object has certain properties (information about the object). For example, the background color of your document is written document.bgcolor. You would change the color of your page to red by writing the line: document.bgcolor=”red”
The contents (or value) of a textbox named “password” in a form named “entryform” is document.entryform.password.value.
Most objects have a certain collection of things that they can do. Different objects can do different things, just as a door can open and close, while a light can turn on and off. A new document is opened with the method document.open() You can write “Hello World” into a document by typing document.write(“Hello World”) . open() and write() are both methods of the object: document.
Events are how we trigger our functions to run. The easiest example is a button, whose definition includes the words onClick=”run_my_function()”. The onClick event, as its name implies, will run the function when the user clicks on the button. Other events include OnMouseOver, OnMouseOut, OnFocus, OnBlur, OnLoad, and OnUnload.